Issue Briefs

Local Government Structure

Local government structure

An overview of the local government structure in the UK, outlining the different tiers of councils and their respective powers.Read More
London government

London Government

An overview of the operation of London government, how it now works, and the various criticisms that have been levelled against the current structure.Read More
Manchester city centre: The government's 'local enterprise partnerships' are set to replace the scrapped RDAs

Manchester Congestion Charge

An overview of plans to introduce a congestion charge to Greater Manchester. What is the history? What is involved?Read More


An overview of MI5: covering the broad remit of its operations, its focus, history, and related controversies.Read More


An overview of MI6, its operations, its new green agenda, its history, and the controversies that have surrounding the organisation in the past.Read More
Living Wage

Minimum Wage 2024

An overview of the National Living Wage: the current levels, the history of minimal wage policy in the UK, and the political context and debate around the issue.Read More


An overview of the combined MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella ) vaccine, covering its history, and the related controversies that have surrounded the vaccine.Read More
MPs salary

MPs Salaries

An overview of MPs salaries, what Members of Parliament earn, the history of MPs pay, the 2009 expenses scandal, and the arguments made for and against increasing MPs pay.Read More

National Air Traffic Services

An overview of the National Air Traffic Services, covering its operations, its history, and the discussion about its potential privatisation.Read More
Blood test: The human price of Farage's HIV comments

National Blood and Transplant

An overview of the National Blood and Transplant Service, its operation, history, and the related political controversies that have surrounded this area.Read More

National Identity Card

An overview of the debate around national identity cards, their history in the UK, and the debate for and against ID cards.Read More

National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence

An overview of the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) covering its role, operations, history, and past political controversies.Read More
National Parks

National Parks

An overview of National Parks in the UK, where they are, how they operate, the history of the designated status, and the ongoing political discussion around National Parks.Read More


An overview of the NATO alliance, covering its operation, history, and debates over funding and reform.Read More

Net Zero

An overview of the 'net zero' commitment on climate emissions made in the UK, what is involved, and how that compares in international terms.Read More
NHS still short of Nurses

NHS (National Health Service)

An overview of the NHS covering its origins and history, the development of the service, and current statistics around its scale and operation.Read More
NHS 111

NHS 111

NHS 111 replaced NHS Direct. An overview of the service covering its history, operations, and statistics.Read More

NHS Abortion

An overview of abortion, covering the current legal framework in the UK, the history of the issue, and the ongoing political debate around abortion.Read More

NHS Medical negligence

An overview of the issue of medical negligence in the UK, its history, how costs are set to rise from 2% to 4% of the NHS budget, the legal costs, current processes, and recommendations for reform.Read More