Flags depicting the Scottish Independence referendum from the European union
13 November 2021 08:00 AM

Scottish Independence

13 November 2021

Scottish independence opinion polls

In October 2021, the politics.co.uk average of monthly opinion polls indicated that support for Scottish independence continued to wane throughout 2021.

The position was now notably different from the 12 months between April 2020 and March 2021 when opinion polls consistently reported a lead for ‘Yes’ campaigners.

Scottish independence polls
Although it has dipped in 2021, support for Scottish independence has increased steadily in recent decades. Where polling suggested little more than 10% of Scots favoured independence in the early 1980s, the figure had risen to 30% by the late 1980s.

Upon the first establishment of the Scottish Parliament, support for Scottish independence surpassed 40% for the first time in 1999. It has remained above 40% throughout the last two decades with 44.7% of Scots backing independence in the 2014 independence referendum.

The long road to Indyref2

Arguments – The case made for Scottish independence

Proponents of an independent Scotland draw heavily on the following arguments:

Self Determination
The loudest arguments made around Scottish independence focus on the issue of self determination. In essence, proponents of independence argue that Scotland is a distinct nation separate from the rest of the United Kingdom, and accordingly it should control its full political authority as an independent sovereign nation state.

Historically, Scotland was an independent country until the 1707 Acts of Union united Scotland with England and Wales in the Kingdom of Great Britain.

Political identity
Following the growing dominance of the SNP and its sustained electoral success in elections for the Scottish Parliament, Scottish nationalists also question the authority of the Conservative government to retain any remaining powers over Scotland.

In terms of political identity, Scotland has traditionally sat further left than England on the political spectrum. Even though a large number of powers are now held by the Scottish Parliament, supporters of Scottish Independence, point to the benefit of being free from Conservative Governments in Westminster.

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