Guides

Sir Christopher Chope speaking in the Commons as plans to criminalise upskirting have been derailed | Copyright: PA

Adjournment Debates

A debate on a motion for the adjournment of the House (an adjournment debate) allows for an issue to be debated before the House of Commons then adjourns for the day.Read More
The killing of Jo Cox has united Westminster and the country in sorrow

All Party Groups

All Party Groups provide an opportunity for parliamentarians to engage with individuals and organisations outside Parliament who share an interest in the subject matter of their Group. They focus either on countries or particular topics.Read More

Alliance Party of Northern Ireland

The Alliance Party of Northern Ireland describes itself as a non-sectarian party which advocates co-operation between nationalist and unionist communities. Advancing in the polls in recent years, the Alliance Party is now the third largest political party in Northern Ireland.Read More
Bishop of Chester: "my first-hand experience of pornography is very limited"

Bishops

There are 26 Bishops from the Church of England (the Lords Spiritual) who currently have an automatic right to sit in the House of Lords. Alongside, the Vatican and Iran, the UK is one of just three countries in the world, where "clerics" are automatically entitled to participate in law making.Read More
Boris front runner as Tory candidate

Boris Johnson Salary

Prime Minister, Boris Johnson is entitled to an annual salary of £161,401. All of his recent predecessors as Prime Minister have been able to command substantial earnings and fees on leaving office.Read More
Polling booth: Euro election results do little to predict general election performance

By election

An overview of by elections: what causes them, how often are they held, and details of those that have occured during this parliament.Read More
Johnson presides over his new Cabinet on Friday morning.

Cabinet

The Cabinet is the pre-eminent body of government of the United Kingdom. Meetings of the full Cabinet are normally held once a week on a Thursday morning, although historically the frequency has varied.Read More
Ministers leave after a Cabinet meeting. The narrative of the government becomes ever more difficult to discern.

Cabinet Committees

Cabinet Committees are groupings of Ministers designed to take the pressure off full Cabinet and to provide a lower-level forum for decision-making. Cabinet Committees are set up by the Prime Minister, and he or she appoints their membership.  Read More
Social Care

Care Act 2014

The 2014 Care Act changed the way that adults in England who require care due to old age, illness or disability receive support. At the heart of the Care Act is the 'wellbeing principle', which establishes local authorities' responsibility to safeguard and further the wellbeing of those under their jurisdiction.Read More
Pluralism

Census

The census for England and Wales is carried out by the Office of National Statistics every 10 years, with the aim of building a detailed snapshot of society.Read More

Children Act 1989

The 1989 Children Act brought together and simplified existing legislation relating to the care of children.  Within family law, it shifted the legislative focus towards keeping families together, and valuing children as individuals with their own interests and rights.Read More
Ministers lose right to determine civil service appointments

Civil Service

The Civil Service is the operational and management tool of the Government. Civil servants implement the outcomes of the policy-making process under the supervision of Government Ministers.Read More
Bercow announces his decision to the Commons this afternoon

Committee of the Whole House

A Committee of the Whole House is when the Committee Stage of a Bill is taken on the floor of the House of Commons. Such committees normally only take place for emergency Bills, for certain clauses of the Finance Bill and for the clauses of Bills that have constitutional significance.Read More
Stock Exchange

Companies Act 2006

The 2006 Companies Act is the main Act now regulating British company law. It replaced the Companies Acts of 1985 and 1989. The Act is said to be the longest piece of legislation approved by Parliament.Read More
Cybercrime

Computer Misuse Act

The 1990 Computer Misuse Act represented the first major legislative attempt to tackle cyber threats and criminalise hacking, viruses, malware, and spyware. There were 441 prosecutions under the Computer Misuse Act between 2007 and 2018.Read More

Conservative Party

The Conservative Party is the governing party in the British House of Commons. Sitting on the centre right of the political spectrum, the Conservatives are the oldest party still represented in Parliament. With every decade older that a voter becomes, their chance of voting Conservative is said to increase by around 9%.Read More

Consideration of Amendments

If a Parliamentary Bill is amended in the Lords or Commons, and the Lords or Commons reject or change the other House's amendments, it must return to the other House so it can endorse or reject the amendments.Read More

Consultations

Government consultations are sounding exercises on the possibility of a government policy or a change in policy.Read More
Consumer Rights Act

Consumer Rights Act 2015

The aim of the 2015 Consumer Rights Act is designed to aid both consumers and retailers in understanding their rights and responsibilities, and thus to reduce and simplify disputes. It also seeks to encourage business based on fair practices and access to information.Read More