Guides

New research shows Tories will win majority of seats in House of Commons

House of Commons – An overview

The dominance of the House of Commons is derived from its position as the only elected element of Parliament. As such, it can claim popular sovereignty as well as the right to rule. A generic overview of how the Lower Chamber of Parliament operates.Read More
Bryant in the Commons: His clashes with Cameron have become decidedly colourful

House of Commons Sitting Hours

When Parliament is sitting, the House of Commons normally meets on Mondays at 2.30pm and on Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Thursdays at 11.30pm. The length of the day is governed by the 'Moment of Interruption', the time when the Chair rises to put the questions that will dispose of the day's business.Read More
The nine lords were cleared today

House of Lords – An Overview

The House of Lords is the second chamber of Parliament and is also called the Upper House. A short overview of its operations, membership, and history. Peers can receive a daily attendance allowance of £313, albeit some chose not to take the payment, or accept a reduced figure of £157.Read More
Peers in the House of Lords, London | Copyright: PA

House of Lords Sitting Hours

When Parliament is sitting, the House of Lords normally meets on Mondays, Tuesdays and Wednesdays at 2.30pm and on Thursdays at 11.30am. The House of Lords does not always sit on a Friday but when it does it meets at 11am.Read More

Human Rights Act

The Human Rights Act ensures everyone is granted certain rights and freedoms, and is treated equally regardless of their identity. The Act has led to a number of high profile court decisions ranging from Hillsborough to the freedom of the press.Read More
Kitchen Cabinet

Kitchen Cabinet

The Kitchen Cabinet is the term used to refer to the advisers at Number 10 who form the so-called 'inner circle' around the Prime Minister. The term was first used to describe the coterie of political allies that formed around Harold Wilson led by the formidable Marcia Williams. Read More

Labour Party

The Labour Party has been in power for just over a third of the period since the War. In 2019, the Labour Party had 485,000 members, making it by far Britain's largest political party. In terms of voting behaviour, the party currently polls better as a voter's level of formal education rises.Read More
Latest Opinion Polls

Latest Opinion Polls

The state of play with current UK opinion polls, how they have changed since 2019, and what the present levels of party support would mean at Westminster if a General Election was held today.Read More
Attorney general says he will not bow to political pressure on paedophile sentencing

Law Officers

Government Law Officers are Parliamentarians with a legal background appointed by the Prime Minister to give legal advice to Ministers.Read More

Liberal Democrats

The Liberal Democrats are a centre-left, pro-European, political party, colloquially referred to as the Lib Dems. Recently on an electoral roller coaster, the Lib Dem vote share declined from 23% in 2010 to 8% in 2015, and 11% in 2019. Lib Dems receive their highest support from 30-39-year-olds.Read More
Members of the House of Lords wait for the Queen at the state opening of parliament

Life Peers

Life peers are elevated to the peerage by the Monarch in accordance with the advice of the Prime Minister. They comprise the 'great and the good' of the day characterised by an expertise and experience in a particular field, alongside an increasing number of former political advisors and ex MPs.Read More
Unions protest in Westminster

Lobbying

Lobbying is a catch-all term to describe 'special interest' groups and their tactics to gain influence in the political process,. As former Prime Minister, David Cameron, has discovered, the influence of lobbyists is said to be at its greatest, when their activities go 'largely unnoticed by the public'.Read More
Mayor of London

Mayor of London

The Mayor of London is responsible for transport, police, civil defence and fire services, planning, economic development and wealth creation, social development and the improvement of the environment in Greater London. In 2020/21, the Mayor earned a salary of £152,734.Read More

Mental Health Act

The Mental Health Act is the central piece of mental health legislation that lays out the circumstances that justify people being 'sectioned' in England and Wales.Read More
Queen to attend Cabinet for first time since Queen Victoria's reign

Ministerial Code

The Ministerial Code requires Ministers to uphold the seven principles of public life: selflessness, integrity, objectivity, accountability, openness, honesty and leadership.Read More
Chancellor Rishi Sunak

Ministerial Statements

Ministerial Statements are either delivered in writing, or orally in person by the relevant Government Minister, appearing at the Dispatch Box in the Commons Chamber.Read More
Budget 2011 and prime minister's questions as-it-happened

Ministers of the Crown

Members of Parliament and Peers appointed by the Prime Minister to the Government are known as Ministers of the Crown. All Ministers, of whatever rank, have a Private Office of four or more civil servants assigned to him or her on appointment.Read More
Modern Slavery

Modern Slavery Act

The Modern Slavery Act introduced tougher penalties on the perpetrators of modern slavery, as well as more extensive support for its victims. At the time of its introduction, it was suggested that as many as 13,000 people were trapped in forced labour in the UK. Read More

Money Bills

Money Bills are Bills that deal solely with expenditure. The 'privilege' of the Commons on financial arrangements has long been accepted. The Commons Speaker designates a Bill, a Money Bill, before it arrives in the Lords.Read More