By Terry Sanderson
I'm sure Baroness Warsi's speech to the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy in Rome yesterday was very well-received by its audience. She promised to support the Pope in his desire to return Christianity to the centre of public life in Britain.
It also seemed to chime with the mood of the media – which was fizzing with fury at the modest high court judgment ruling that it was not legal to include prayer on a council agenda – because it is not council business.
Under extreme bombardment from the press, we at the National Secular Society were preparing to barricade the doors - until we noticed a sudden and unprecedented upsurge in membership applications.
Something very strange was happening. The media was almost unanimous in its disapproval of the ruling. Strangely the Sunday Times alone gave unequivocal support to it – and in an editorial even suggested it should be extended to cover prayers in parliament.
Another strange phenomenon is the disparity between what newspapers are writing above the line and what their readers are writing below it. Look at the reaction to Baroness Warsi's courting of the Pope in the Daily Telegraph – thousands of reader responses and a vast majority of them hostile to her behaviour.
Then this morning comes the result of an Ipsos Mori poll commissioned by the Richard Dawkins Foundation which shows that, overwhelmingly, those people who ticked the 'Christian' box in the last census don't want religion to have any influence over public policy. That's 74% of self-defined Christians who do not agree with Baroness Warsi.
She may be enthusiastic about religion, but this is not shared by the nation. The poll also revealed the 72% of people who said they were Christian in the 2001 census are nothing of the kind. They ticked the box because they thought they were good people or because their parents were Christian – very few of them actually believe in the precepts of Christianity, and even fewer actively practice it.
So, who is out of step here? If you read the newspaper commentators it is most definitely the National Secular Society. But if you listen to the people, you'll find it is the pious politicians who seem to be threatening us with theocracy.
Baroness Warsi had led a delegation of senior British government ministers to the Vatican to have a 20-minute chat with the Pope. She wants to assure him religion will be returned to the centre of public life, just as he called for on his recent trip to this country. She will assure him his visit was highly successful and its success must be built on.
Unfortunately, it was not highly successful; it was not even slightly successful. A year after the visit, the Catholic Church commissioned a poll to see what lasting impact it had had on the nation According to the research, hardly anyone remembers that it actually happened. And 91% said it made no difference to their moral outlook at all. Strangely, the Church doesn't seem anxious to draw attention to the results of this poll, which was carried out by Opinion Research Business among 2,049 adults.
In fact, 29% of those who were questioned said they couldn't remember hearing or seeing anything about the visit. Six per cent of those who say they did recall the visit happened say they can't remember a thing about it.
Of the individual events — meeting the Queen, speaking in parliament, meeting the prime minister — typically only one per cent — or less — of those who had any memory of the visit recalled them (a few were up to five per cent).
The biggest proportion of those who recalled anything about the visit (albeit only 11%) remembered the NSS' protest campaign about the enormous cost to the taxpayer.
And as for the impact it had – 91% of respondents said the pope's visit made no difference whatsoever to their personal or spiritual values.
Taking this into account - why is the British government courting the Holy See in this way? Why should the last absolute theocracy in Europe be invited to participate in the affairs of the British government?
The Holy See participates – indeed in some cases, interferes - in every other government's affairs. Only last week it succeeded in forcing president Barack Obama to compromise his health reforms and in Britain it is gearing up to give the Cameron plan for gay marriage a real kicking.
Warsi talks of "militant secularism" with some distaste. But secularism's militancy is as nothing compared with the aggressive tactics of the Catholic Church when it is not getting its way.
And besides, as the Dawkins poll illustrates quite plainly, secularisation is a process people choose for themselves. Taken together with the Church's own plummeting attendance figures, it clearly shows people are voting with their feet. If they do not believe the precepts of a religion, why should a government try to force it upon them? Religion only has value if it is freely chosen. Coercion kills it stone dead.
Baroness Warsi may be a woman of principle, but she is swimming against a very strong tide that is not controlled by the NSS or by the Church of England or the Holy See or anyone else. The turning away from religion is a choice the public has made of their own volition and using their own conscience. It is not the government's job to tell them they are wrong.
Lady Warsi risks starting a culture war she cannot win and neither can the Conservative party. If religion is given too much if a say in our day to day life, then there will be a reaction David Cameron will not like. It will take place at the ballot box.
Terry Sanderson is president of the National Secular Society.
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