Dowden, Oliver

Oliver Dowden, Conservative MP for Hertsmere

Thompson, Owen

Owen Thompson, SNP MP for Midlothian

Organic Farming

"Organic farming" is the name given to a variety of agricultural production systems that aim to work "with nature" rather than by conquering it.


Ofsted is the Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills.


Organophosphates (OPs) are a group of synthetic chemical compounds, composed of variable mixtures of phosphorus, carbon, and hydrogen.


The Office of Communications (Ofcom) is the independent regulatory body overseeing the 'communications industry', including the distinct areas of telecommunications and broadcasting.

Open University

The Open University is the UK's largest university, and differs from other higher education institutions in that its courses are designed to be studied primarily by distance learning - that is, by people studying from their homes or workplaces, in their own time.


A minority medical condition 50 years ago, the prevalence of obesity is now such that it is regarded as a major public health issue and listed as a priority by senior government ministers.

Oral Questions

Each Department's Ministers face oral questioning at least once every four weeks. Questions for answer by Ministers are tabled up to three days in advance (not including Fridays and weekends). Questions to the Offices of the Secretaries of State for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland must be tabled five days ahead. Each MP can table...


The work of the House of Commons is overseen by the Speaker, who chairs proceedings and keeps order. Two deputies, also MPs who have renounced their party allegiance, act as substitute speakers. MPs elect a Speaker to chair proceedings from among their ranks at the first meeting following a general election. The Speaker immediately renounces...

Office of the Secretary of State for Scotland

Following devolution the Scottish Office became the Office for the Secretary of State for Scotland. This is now part of the Department for Constitutional Affairs. The secretary of state for Scotland, who is a member of the UK cabinet, exercises the following functions: Representation of Scottish interests in reserved areas Ensuring the smooth-running and success...

Office of the Secretary of State for Wales

Following devolution the Welsh Office became the Office for the Secretary of State for Wales. This is now part of the Department for Constitutional Affairs. The Secretary of State for Wales, who is a member of the UK Cabinet, exercises the following functions: Ensuring Welsh interests and needs are considered in policy formulation and consulting...

Other EU Common Policies

Common foreign and security policy and justice and home affairs policy are dealt with in the sections on decision-making under pillars two and three. The EU participates in a range of other policy areas, ostensibly supporting the single market and other economic and social objectives, including environmental protection, health, consumer rights, transport, education, culture and...

Other EU Institutions

The EU includes a number of other bodies that play a role in the legislative process. These are the European Economic and Social Committee (the EESC) and the committee of the regions (the CoR). The EESC has 344 members, allocated to member states by population and appointed by national governments for terms of five years....

Owen Smith

Owen Smith, Labour MP for Pontypridd

Oliver Colvile

Oliver Colvile, Conservative MP for Plymouth, Sutton and Devonport

Paterson, Owen

Owen Paterson, Conservative MP for North Shropshire

Oliver Letwin

Oliver Letwin, Conservative MP for West Dorset

Heald, Oliver

Oliver Heald, Conservative MP for North East Hertfordshire