Reference: Issue Brief

The most successful man in life is the man who has the best information. Benjamin Disraeli
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  • MPs' Pay and Expenses

    Responsibility for the regulation and administration of MPs' pay and expenses was transferred to the Independent Parliamentary Standards Authority (IPSA) following the 2010 General Election. In 2011, IPSA was also made responsible for determining MPs' pay and pensions.

  • Monetary Policy Committee

    The Bank of England's Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) is a specialised economic advisory panel responsible for setting the short-term base interest rate.

  • Monarchy

    Monarchy is rule by an individual who is royal, and the system is usually hereditary. The term monarchy derives from the Greek, monos arkhein, meaning 'one ruler'.

  • Mobile Phones - use while driving

    As from 1 December 2003 it has been a specific offence to use a hand-held mobile phone or similar device when driving.

  • Mobile Phones - health concerns

    Mobile phone use in the UK has risen rapidly over the past two decades, with the number of mobile connections currently standing at in excess of 81 million (2012).

  • Mobile Phone Base Stations/Masts

    To send or receive calls, a handset must be within range of a mobile phone base station (sometimes referred to as a mast). A base station is a fixed radio receiver/transmitter with antennas mounted either on free-standing masts or on buildings.

  • MMR

    MMR is a combined vaccine for the three potentially highly harmful childhood diseases - measles, mumps, and rubella (also known as German measles).

  • Millennium Dome

    The Millennium Dome was the centrepiece of British celebrations for the dawning of the year 2000.

  • Millennium Development Goals

    The eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) - which range from halving extreme poverty to halting the spread of HIV/AIDS and providing universal primary education, all by the target date of 2015 - form a blueprint agreed to in September 2000.

  • MI6

    MI6, properly known as the Secret Intelligence Service (SIS), is the UK's external intelligence agency - that is, it is responsible for protecting and promoting British interests and security overseas.

  • MI5

    MI5, properly known as the Security Service, is the UK's security intelligence agency. Although the "MI" stands for "Military Intelligence", MI5 is a civilian agency without formal executive powers.

  • Medical Negligence and Compensation

    'Medical negligence' describes when medical intervention in the treatment of a patient has materially contributed to a deterioration of a patient's condition.

  • Mayor of London

    The role of the Mayor of London was created under the Greater London Authority Act 1999 as part of the Labour government's commitment to restore a city-wide government for London.

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