Nearly a quarter of English people still believe that being white is an "important" part of being English, a new survey has revealed.
The number was lower than north of the border, where just 13% of Scots said being white was important to being Scottish.
The YouGov poll for think tank British Future found 52% of Scots thought having parents who were born in Scotland was an important factor. Being born in Scotland was considered even more important, with 73% saying it mattered to being Scottish.
"In the years since devolution Scotland and Wales have done more to create a more modern, inclusive pride in being Scottish and Welsh," said British Future director Sunder Katwala.
'All of our customers are international and we need those transport links to be as efficient and effective as possible'
"But that is still evolving. That a slim majority still seem to think that having Scottish born parents makes you more Scottish shows that more needs to be done to create a fully inclusive identity."
Just three per cent of those aged 18-24 in Scotland thought it was important to be white to be Scottish, but the figure rose to 16% for the over-60s.
Thirty-one per cent of Scots said they felt Scottish, not British. Twenty-nine per cent felt equally Scottish and British, 26% felt more Scottish than British and five per cent more British than Scottish.
Of the English, 18% felt more English than British and 43% felt equally English and British.
Asked to rate the things that made them proud to be English, 89% of respondents mentioned the English language, 85% mentioned the Lake District, 80% mentioned the Queen and 86% mentioned Shakespeare.
The St George's flag continues to have overtones of racism and extremism to some people, according to 24% of respondents. Fourteen per cent said the same thing about the Union Jack.