What is Islamophobia? Islamophobia is the expression of prejudice, aversion or hostility towards the Muslim community fueled by negative or narrow views of Islam. Islamophobia is variously manifested in social exclusion, discrimination, violence. Islamophobia is seen as placing unfounded barriers on the Muslim community‘s participation in society, while compromising their fundamental rights and freedoms. It...


Overview The prospect of a second Scottish Independence Referendum is looming larger on a daily basis. Following the first referendum on Scottish Independence in 2014 (IndyRef1), support for the Scottish National Party has remained high, and at the start of 2021 polls were suggesting constant public support for Scottish Independence.  This has led to a...


In economic terms the word inflation is used to describe a general rise in prices across the whole economy over a sustained period.

Income Tax

Income Tax is the principal form of direct personal taxation in the UK.

International Monetary Fund

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is a multilateral financial institution, established in 1945 as a specialised agency of the United Nations.

Identity Cards

What are identity cards? The UK has traditionally not had a system of identity cards during peacetime, with the idea of officials asking for citizens’ papers long seen as something highly alien to Britain. Identity cards are used for a variety of purposes, but the basic principle underlying them all is that the bearer of...


The Republic of Iraq, generally known as 'Iraq', is a country in the Middle East bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait.

International Trade (Europe)

As well as attempting to create a single EU economy through the single market and EMU, the EU acts as a single body in international trade matters, in order to maximise its negotiating power (the EU represents more than 25 per cent of world GDP) and to underpin the unification of the internal market. The...

Institutions of the European Union

The European Union has a number of decision-making, supervisory and consultative bodies, which function autonomously within the frameworks laid out in EU law, and which interact with one another in line with those frameworks. However, the EU is inherently a political organisation, and how they interact and how the processes are implemented in any given...


Immigration relates to the movement of peoples from one country into another, for residential rather than visiting purposes, which may be for a number of reasons, including economic, familial, social or personal.

Immigration Removal Centres

Immigration removal centres are holding centres for foreign nationals awaiting decisions on their asylum claims or awaiting deportation following a failed application.


What is ITV? Independent Television (ITV) was the UK’s first commercial television network.  It remains a free to air television network based in London In addition to the flagship terrestrial service ITV1, the ITV network includes ITV2, ITV3, ITV4 and CiTV the first dedicated commercial children’s channel. ITV operates 15 individual regional licences, each reflecting...

Ian Swales

Swales, Ian -

Ian Austin

Ian Austin, Labour MP for Dudley North

Iain Wright

Iain Wright, Labour MP for Hartlepool

Ian Lucas

Ian Lucas, Labour MP for Wrexham

Iris Robinson

Iris Robinson, former DUP MP for Strangford -

Lewis, Ivan

Ivan Lewis, Labour MP for Bury South

Ian Davidson

Glasgow South West, Labour Co-operative